Survivorship bias is a logical fallacy which originates from the II. World war. Allied forces were reinforcing returning bomber planes with metal panels over the areas where they were shot up. However this didn’t increase the survival rates because the returning planes were not hit in critical spots. Instead they should have reinforced the planes everywhere where they were not hit, as those were the most critical spots which caused planes to go down.
The indigenous people of Australia are the only group of people who never developed the bow and arrow on their own.